Tanabe City has the largest area in the Kinki Region with a warm climate. It overlooks the Tanabe bay, facing the Pacific Ocean. In the middle of the Heian period (around 1000AD), many people came to Tanabe to walk the two main Kumano Pilgrimage Routes, Nakahechi and Ohechi Route. During the Edo period (17th to 19th century), Tanabe City prospered as a center of Tanabe-sub prefecture. Today it is known as the starting point of the Kumano World Heritage Site.